The book of Exodus chapter 32 is overall divided into five parts as follows:
- vs. 1 – 6 about golden calf
- vs. 7 – 14 about God’s wrath
- vs. 15 – 20 about the two tablets of stone being broken (signifying
- vs. 21 – 29 about the wrath of Moses toward Aaron and the people
of Israel (signifying sanctification)
- vs. 30 – 35 about the prayer of Moses over the people of Israel (signifying
the ministry of reconciliation)
Today we continue learning the second part about God’s wrath.
7 And the LORD said to Moses, "Go, get down! For your people whom
you brought out of the land of Egypt have corrupted themselves.
8 "They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them.
They have made themselves a molded calf, and worshiped it and sacrificed to
it, and said, ‘This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the
land of Egypt!?
9 And the LORD said to Moses, "I have seen this people, and indeed it
is a stiff–necked people!
10 "Now therefore, let Me alone, that My wrath may burn hot against them
and I may consume them. And I will make of you a great nation."
Below are the reasons of God’s wrath:
- the Israel had corrupted themselves
- the Israel had turned aside out of the commandment of God
- the Israel was a stiff-necked / hard-heartened people
Now let us learn more about the stiffness of Israel.
9 And the LORD said to Moses, "I have seen this people, and indeed
it is a stiff–necked people!
“I have seen” = God had seen the golden calf and seen the Israel
being a stiff-necked people. The golden calf, which describes the stiffness/hardness
of man’s heart, was an idol that develops from age to age.
4 And he received the gold from their hand, and he fashioned it with an
engraving tool, and made a molded calf. Then they said, "This is your
god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!"
The golden calf was firstly made by Israel and developed in the days of kings.
1 Kings 12:28-29
28 Therefore the king asked advice, made two calves of gold, and said
to the people, "It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Here are
your gods, O Israel, which brought you up from the land of Egypt!"
29 And he set up one in Bethel, and the other he put in Dan.
While the Israel was in the foot of Mount Sinai, they made only one golden
calf, but it then became two in the days of king Jeroboam. Not stopping here,
the hardness of heart continued in the days of King Jehu.
2 Kings 10:28-29
28 Thus Jehu destroyed Baal from Israel.
29 However Jehu did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat,
who had made Israel sin, that is, from the golden calves that were at Bethel
Jehu destroyed Baal from Israel, but unfortunately, he kept the golden calves.
Thus, the hardness of heart remains from age to age: from the days of Israel
in the wilderness to the days of king Jeroboam and king Jehu, until in the end
of the age.
2 Corinthians 4:3-4
3 But even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing,
4 whose minds the god of this age has blinded, who do not believe, lest the
light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should
shine on them.
The hardness of heart has blinded many people that they cannot see the light
of the gospel of the glory of Christ, which describes Jesus as the King of kings
and the heavenly Groom, or which is commonly known as the Bride Tidings.
The blindness here means:
- to think that all doctrines are the same
- to hesitate about the true doctrine because of worldly matters.
Why did Jeroboam make two golden calves in Bethel and Dan? At that time, the
kingdom was broken into two: (1) the kingdom of Israel led by Jeroboam (2)
the kingdom of Judah stated in Jerusalem and led by another king. Jeroboam
thought about losing his position because of Israelites’ serving in
Jerusalem. He knew that the serving to God at Jerusalem was right but he made
two calves of gold so that Israelites did not need to serve at Jerusalem and
his position as king was saved. Such is a big mistake because hard heart is
an idolatry that is to say not holding fast one true teaching word because
of something in the world and the heart becomes harder. Do not doubt nor consider
that all teachings are same.
- to put up with another doctrine as Eve did
2 Corinthians 11:3-4
3 But I fear, lest somehow, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness,
so your minds may be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.
4 For if he who comes preaches another Jesus whom we have not preached, or
if you receive a different spirit which you have not received, or a different
gospel which you have not accepted––you may well put up with it!
Putting up with another doctrine means being unable to reject a false doctrine.
We have to beware of the gold calf, i.e. the hard heart making the mind blind
until someone cannot see the gospel of the glory of Christ.
2 Keep my commands and live, And my law as the apple of your eye.
The hardness of heart blinds not only our eyes, but also our hearts. Therefore,
it is no use staying in the hard heart.
“Keep my law as the apple of your eye”; meaning the true doctrine
is the apple of the eye. If we disobey and reject the true doctrine, the eye
of our heart is blind.
Thus, the hardness of heart blinds our mind and heart.
The blindness will bring about the following consequences:
- He will forget the forgiveness and repeat his forgiven sins.
2 Peter 1:9
9 For he who lacks these things is shortsighted, even to blindness, and
has forgotten that he was cleansed from his old sins.
None who disobeys and rejects the true doctrine can restrain himself from
a sin; he will repeat it and the sin will get worse day after day:
- It will become a habitual sin, which means the sinner will feel no
regret and repentance anymore. We know that lying and stealing are sins,
but we probably do not know that not serving God is also a sin. It has
become a repetitive sin and now many Christians do it on purpose.
- It will become an intentional sin.
25 not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as is the manner
of some, but exhorting one another, and so much the more as you see the
26 For if we sin willfully after we have received the knowledge of the
truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins,
Many Christians are now accustomed not to serve God; even they do it on
purpose. Seeing that, we should pray that nothing could hinder us to serve
God. The term “intentional sin” further means an intention
to live in sin. There will be no mercy for these sinners; the wrath of
God will come down and destroy them. Once again, being hard in heart or
disobedient until rejecting the true teaching word, there will be no brake
in life until one falls and rises in sins. Let us not be doubtful because
of thought of advantage/disadvantage as Jeroboam did.
Better now we humble ourselves to hear and obey the true doctrine.
How do we know if it is the true doctrine? If the doctrine is written in Bible
and explained verse by verse. Many despise this and suppose that explaining
verse by verse is an easy thing with concordance in holy bible. In fact, explaining
verse by verse is through the revelation of God, not by anything else. By
hearing and obeying the true doctrine, we will be sanctified from sinful works
and walk in light because the true doctrine is as a sword sharper than any
8 For you were once darkness, but now you are light in the Lord. Walk
as children of light
9 (for the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness, righteousness, and truth),
10 finding out what is acceptable to the Lord.
Here are the results of sanctification by the true doctrine / the Bride Tidings:
- the light of truth
- the light of goodness
- the light of righteousness
- everything that is acceptable to the Lord
We do not fall nor rise anymore in sins.
- He will hate his brother
1 John 2:11
11 But he who hates his brother is in darkness and walks in darkness,
and does not know where he is going, because the darkness has blinded his
Our closest brothers are our family at home, at church, and at other churches.
He who does not love his brother does not love God either.
1 John 4:20-21
20 If someone says, "I love God," and hates his brother, he
is a liar; for he who does not love his brother whom he has seen, how can
he love God whom he has not seen?
21 And this commandment we have from Him: that he who loves God must love
his brother also.
That’s why, we should humble ourselves to hear and obey the true doctrine,
and our heart and mind will be sanctified.
12 For the word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two–edged
sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit, and of joints and
marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
13 And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are naked
and open to the eyes of Him to whom we must give account.
Why does our heart get harder? Because there is something hidden. Thus, our
heart and mind needs sanctifying from hidden things, which are evil and unclean
21 "For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts,
adulteries, fornications, murders,
22 "thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lewdness, an evil eye,
blasphemy, pride, foolishness.
23 "All these evil things come from within and defile a man."
evil thoughts = prejudices ; murders = hatred
As long as we have one of the above evil things, we cannot love the others.
Only after our heart has been sanctified, we can love the others as ourselves
because the love of God has filled our heart deep inside.
8 Owe no one anything except to love one another, for he who loves another
has fulfilled the law.
Our love towards our brothers is manifested by owing them nothing.
The debt here includes:
- evil works and words
12 "Therefore, whatever you want men to do to you, do also to them,
for this is the Law and the Prophets.
In other word, the love is manifested by doing something to men as we want
they to do to us. Once again, our closest brothers are our family. So, practice
this at home first!
More than that, our love towards our brothers is manifested by sharing and
visiting them who are in need.
1 John 3:17
17 But whoever has this world’s goods, and sees his brother in need,
and shuts up his heart from him, how does the love of God abide in him?
And the greatest is to love enemies, not by the strength and intelligence
of men but by the power of the Word. Although a man is genius, he cannot love
his brother without the sanctification of the word. On the contrary, although
a man is a fool, he can love his brother if his heart is sanctified by the
43 "You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor
and hate your enemy.
44 "But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do
good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and
Loving enemies means loving ourselves, as none becomes the enemy of himself
(his own body). Thus, if we love our enemies, we all have become one body.
Remember, this can be practiced only by the power of the word sharper than
any two-edged sword.
How can we love our enemies? We should pray that they get the forgiveness
and mercy of God, until we can repay goodness for evilness as Jesus did on
the cross (“Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do”)
and as the Father makes His sun rise on the evil.
- He cannot see/worship God
37 And Jesus said to him, "You have both seen Him and it is He who
is talking with you."
38 Then he said, "Lord, I believe!" And he worshiped Him.
The hard heart filled with evil and unclean desires will blind our eyes, so
that we cannot worship God. Yet, if we now humble ourselves to be sanctified
from the things written in Mark 7 by the word which is sharper than any two-edged
sword, we will be able to see and talk with God (to worship God). Thus, the
key is our heart.
8 Blessed are the pure in heart, For they shall see God.
“talk with God” = worship God
In worship, we will find the glory of God like the disciples experienced on
the mountain. They saw Jesus' glorious face.
In the story of John 9, the blind man was cast out from the temple of God
soon after his eyes had been opened. But outside the temple, God had been
waiting for him and he could see and talk with Him.
34 They answered and said to him, "You were completely born in sins,
and are you teaching us?" And they cast him out.
35 Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when He had found him, He said
to him, "Do you believe in the Son of God?"
Thus, the right moment and the greatest chance to worship God is when we have
to suffer because of committing no sin. At such moment, we are close to God
and God is waiting for us. There is no reason for being desperate. All we
have to do is worship Him and we will find His glory.
Not all the disciples went up on the mountain but only Peter, John, and James;
meaning not all disciples went that is to say not all people experiences the
sprinkling of blood. Having the sprinkling of blood, we are near to God now
and we will see and talk to Him as well as have His glory.
What is the glory for?
To renew us from being fleshly to spiritual men, who are as glorious
as Jesus Christ is.
23 and be renewed in the spirit of your mind,
24 and that you put on the new man which was created according to God, in
true righteousness and holiness.
25 Therefore, putting away lying, "Let each one of you speak truth with
his neighbor," for we are members of one another.
26 "Be angry, and do not sin": do not let the sun go down on your
The renewal include in these three things:
- honesty in words (no lie)
- wrath with love (not with emotion)
We may say in strong emphasis to our children but not with emotion. Saying
softly, but the content is the word of abuse, is with emotion.
If children do the wrong, parents must be angry and beat them (if necessary),
as it is said in Proverbs: “if you beat him with a rod, he will not
die.” BUT not according to the parents’ pleasure, such as to beat
the children’s heads or other vital parts – because it will disadvantage
them, either spiritually (they will keep revenge) or physically (they will
be handicap), and another possibility is they do not want to hear the word
of God anymore. In short, parents may beat roughly but not brutally. If they
beat the child’s leg, it shows that they get angry with love.
Unlike the parents should do, the great Peter could get angry with emotion
in Gethsemane. He drew his sword and cut off Malchus’s ear. See, the
emotional anger disadvantages another. That the Malchus’s ear was cut
off implies the one whom the man gets angry with has no more desire for the
word of God.
- honesty in works (no theft)
28 Let him who stole steal no longer, but rather let him labor, working
with his hands what is good, that he may have something to give him who has
Do not steal, especially God's possession, neither you are churchgoers nor
pastors. There will be humiliation, no glory, in a theft of tithes and special
30 "Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then
all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming
on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
31 "And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and
they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven
to the other.
When Solomon finished building the house of the Lord, the cloud of the glory
1 Kings 8:11, 22-24
11 so that the priests could not continue ministering because of the cloud;
for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD.
22 Then Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all
the assembly of Israel, and spread out his hands toward heaven;
23 and he said: "LORD God of Israel, there is no God in heaven above
or on earth below like You, who keep Your covenant and mercy with Your servants
who walk before You with all their hearts.
24 "You have kept what You promised Your servant David my father; You
have both spoken with Your mouth and fulfilled it with Your hand, as it is
vs. 11 talks about the consecration of the house of the Lord.
vs. 22 shows the connection between renewal and glory. Where there is renewal,
there will be glory and we could pray.
vs. 24 shows the connection between glory and the lovingkindess of God. Where
there is glory, there God will fulfill His lovingkindness.
What is the lovingkindness fulfilled for?
- 1 Kings 8:29
29 "that Your eyes may be open toward this temple night and day,
toward the place of which You said, ‘My name shall be there,?that You
may hear the prayer which Your servant makes toward this place.
The Lord’s eyes are open toward us day and night like His hand are stretched
to care and protect us from dangers, accidents, peaking sins, and antichrist.
- 1 Kings 8:33
33 "When Your people Israel are defeated before an enemy because
they have sinned against You, and when they turn back to You and confess Your
name, and pray and make supplication to You in this temple,
To give us victory over all problems.
- 1 Kings 8:35
35 "When the heavens are shut up and there is no rain because they
have sinned against You, when they pray toward this place and confess Your
name, and turn from their sin because You afflict them,
To open the heavens up and bless us both physically and spiritually. Our life
is preserved until Jesus comes a second time.
- 1 Kings 8:46-47
46 "When they sin against You (for there is no one who does not sin),
and You become angry with them and deliver them to the enemy, and they take
them captive to the land of the enemy, far or near;
47 "yet when they come to themselves in the land where they were carried
captive, and repent, and make supplication to You in the land of those who
took them captive, saying, ‘We have sinned and done wrong, we have committed
To forgive and restore us from any kind of sin and from other bad things (broken
home, disease, etc).
Let us therefore hold the lovingkindness of God as it were the Two Hands carrying
us. He is going to fulfill it right now. God bless you!